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Paris’s Worrying Bed Bug Surge Linked to Insecticide-Resistance
( Beyond Pesticides, October 17, 2023) In the past month, Paris, France has witnessed a surge in bed bug populations. From public transportation to hotels, hostels, and movie theatres, bed bugs are posing a threat to the city’s two million residents and potentially a broader global population as the infestation spreads.
This resurgence of bed bugs in Paris is not unique. For centuries, these pests have been both adaptable and persistent, presenting an enduring challenge to pest control. However, the current surge in bed bug infestations is not merely a revival of a longstanding problem; it is a complex issue intertwined with the development of resistance to insecticides, mainly through a mechanism known as knockdown resistance. This mechanism, along with three other main resistance mechanisms , has enabled these insects to defy chemical-intensive control methods
Knockdown resistance is a significant factor contributing to the resistance exhibited by bed bugs to insecticides, especially pyrethroids. The mechanism plays a central role in countering the action of these insecticides, which target the nervous system of bed bugs, causing paralysis and eventual death. Knockdown resistance provides the genetic adaptation that provides bed bug populations with resistance to insecticides. It inhibits the effectiveness of certain insecticides. Bed bugs with the mutation have a genetic advantage that allows them to survive exposure to these chemicals.
Insecticide has been utilized to quell bed bug populations for over a century , with DDT initially used to combat these pests before the 1950s. By 1956 , the effectiveness of DDT in controlling bed bug populations began to diminish, as the insects developed resistance to the once-potent chemical. The repetitive exposure of bed bugs to DDT led to the survival of bed bugs with genetic mutations that allowed them to survive DDT exposure, giving rise to newer generations with the same mutations.
The banning of DDT in 1972 compelled the United States to turn to organophosphates and, more recently, the commonly used pyrethroids –synthetic insecticides widely used for residential pests. However, there was an unforeseen consequence of DDT resistance: bed bugs with DDT resistance demonstrated resistance to other pesticides, including pyrethroids, even if they had never encountered pyrethroids. This phenomenon, known as cross-resistance, paved the way for a global resurgence of bed bugs and posed challenges for pest control worldwide.
Knockdown resistance is linked to the voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC) within a bed bug’s nervous system. These channels serve as conduits for transmitting electrical signals, enabling nerve cells to communicate and control the bug’s movements. Knockdown resistance arises from mutations within the VGSC gene.
Scientists have identified three specific mutations in the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius: V419L, L925I, and 1936F . In modifying the function of sodium channels, these mutations make the insect less responsive to the effects of pyrethroid insecticides. As a result, the nerve cells of resistant bed bugs can continue to function despite exposure to these chemicals.
Research has revealed that knockdown resistance is prevalent in bed bug populations, particularly those closely linked to human environments. Most bed bug populations associated with human environments exhibit the L925I mutation , which equips them with resistance to pyrethroids.
This widespread distribution of knockdown resistance raises concerns about the continued use and efficacy of pyrethroids in treating infestations. Bed bugs with knockdown mutations possess the capacity to withstand exposure to insecticides, reducing the effectiveness of these treatments. As a result, infestations persist, inflicting discomfort, economic burdens, and health concerns upon those affected.
Moreover, the insecticide resistance exhibited by bed bugs extends into other classes of insecticides. The developing resistance of bed bugs to neonicotinoid insecticides raises similar questions about chemical-dependent control strategies for infestations. Research has found that neonicotinoids, once thought by the pest control industry to be the silver bullet solution for bed bug infestations, are losing their efficacy as bed bugs from different regions are becoming resistant to them.
In a study led by Alvaro Romero, PhD, and Troy Anderson, PhD, bed bugs collected from homes in Cincinnati and Michigan were exposed to four different neonicotinoids: acetamiprid, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam. The study also tested these neonicotinoids on bed bugs that had never been exposed to insecticides.
They found that bed bugs previously exposed to neonicotinoids show higher levels of resistance to these insecticides. This resistance was elevated when compared to the levels of resistance exhibited by the bed bugs that had never been exposed to the neonicotinoids. It took over a thousand times more acetamiprid to kill half of the bed bug population with prior exposure to neonicotinoids, as opposed to the population that had never been exposed to neonicotinoids. This means the bed bugs in the Michigan and Cincinnati study proved to be hundreds or even thousands of times more resistant to neonicotinoids compared to the lab control group.
As insecticide usage continues in response to growing issues of invasive species migration and insect infestations, the infestation problem will only grow worse. The situation in Paris is just one example of what is to come if pesticide dependency continues. The best method for handling infestations is by skipping the chemicals and following a defined integrated pest management system that prioritizes ecologically balanced solutions, and only allows organic-compatible products.
Beyond Pesticides is committed to providing organic pest management solutions—including treatments for bed bugs–that hold health and environment central. If you find yourself dealing with a bed bug infestation, please visit the Beyond Pesticides webpage to access the ManageSafe Database , which offers the least-toxic control of pests. Also see our Bed Bug webpage, Bed Bugs in Public Housing guide , and other resources .
All unattributed positions and opinions in this piece are those of Beyond Pesticides.
Source: Ohio State University, Insecticide Resistance Research
This entry was posted on Tuesday, October 17th, 2023 at 12:01 am and is filed under acetamiprid , Bedbugs , Imidacloprid , Integrated and Organic Pest Management , Synthetic Pyrethroids , Uncategorized . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.
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Bed Bugs and Influencers Spark Pest Panic in Paris. Here’s What You Need to Know
Media reports suggest an unprecedented outbreak of bed bugs in Paris, but experts aren’t so sure anything is out of the ordinary
- By Brooke Borel on October 13, 2023
It was hard to miss the dire headlines : bed bugs were reportedly all over Paris during the city’s Fashion Week, from the metro to a high-end restaurant . As fashionistas made their way home—and in light of the fact that Paris has been preparing to host the Olympics next summer—people asked, why did this happen all of a sudden? Why did it occur here? And are we headed for more outbreaks worldwide?
The situation echoes another bed bug resurgence from more than a decade ago—in particular, in New York City—when the pests made daily headlines for popping up in hotels, apartment complexes, movie theaters, subways, and more. “It feels a lot like 2010 in the U.S. all over again,” says Richard Cooper, a pest control expert at R. Cooper Consulting and a research associate in the Urban Entomology Lab at Rutgers University.
While Paris Fashion Week may mark the first major bedbug headlines since then, Cooper isn’t convinced that this is a resurgence: “I think a lot of it is probably getting hyped up,” he says. Other experts agree. “It has the media excited, but in all honesty, these populations don’t develop just overnight,” says Dini Miller, a professor and urban pest management specialist at Virginia Tech. “This is just getting attention again. And I promise these bed bugs have been there for a while.”
Bed bugs are pests that feed mainly on humans; their preferred meal is our blood, and they congregate in places where their food is as easy to get as possible. They particularly like to hunker down anywhere near where people sleep, such as in mattresses, furniture and baseboards. Bed bugs have lived with humans for millennia , and although their numbers may have waxed and waned over that time, they’ve never truly disappeared.
So what made the recent Paris sightings big news? According to both Cooper and Miller, in some cases, bed bug infestations may have decreased during the COVID pandemic. After all, the insects often move around by hitching a ride when people travel and socialize. During the pandemic, many people were in lockdown or practicing social distancing. “I think the pandemic really crashed the spread of bed bugs,” Cooper says. Even passing the insects between apartments within a single building was unlikely, he says, because people weren’t mingling with their neighbors.
With the world opening back up over the past couple of years, the Paris cases are right on schedule, Cooper adds. “I always thought it was going to be about a two- to three-year lag from when we started traveling again,” he says.
Bed bugs may not have been spreading a lot during the pandemic, but deep reservoirs of them were still thriving worldwide. Although the pests can affect anyone across the socioeconomic spectrum, the worst infestations often strike people living in poverty, as well as older or disabled people. These are the groups of people who have continued to suffer from infestations despite the pandemic, both Cooper and Miller note. It’s expensive to treat a bedbug infestation—and to keep up on high-quality pest control in general, which can involve regular application of chemicals and other products, along with inspections. Getting rid of the pests is also physically demanding: once you have an infestation, you need to wash all of your laundry and bedding on high heat, inspect and treat furniture, and more. It’s hard, expensive labor.
“Let’s say the middle class and above will pay whatever it takes to get rid of [bed bugs in] their home. And if they’re not traveling, and their kids aren’t sleeping over at other people’s houses, then, yes, we did see a decline in that situation,” Miller says of the pandemic trends. “But one of the upticks that became very, very apparent was with elderly and disabled people.”
So now that people who can afford it are traveling more—say, for Fashion Week and the Olympics—will there be a new surge?
“I don’t think we’ll ever see what we saw in the first go-round with the resurgence,” Cooper says, referencing the outbreaks in the 2010s. “I think there are too many people who are aware of bed bugs now.” In that earlier case, he adds, there was close to a 10-year period “where people weren’t very aware, which gave the bed bugs a chance to spread pretty much unbridled.”
Cooper emphasizes that the chances of travelers in Paris actually sparking an outbreak elsewhere are slim to none. The likelihood that a specific hotel has some bed bugs in it is fairly high, he says, but the numbers are still low overall. The chances that the insects are in your room, specifically, are even lower, and the chances that you’ll bring enough of them home to actually start an infestation are lower still. (You’d have to either bring home both a mature male and female or a female that just happened to be pregnant.)
To avoid even that slim chance, there are relatively simple steps anyone can take to avoid bed bugs . First of all, remember that the insects and their eggs are visible to the human eye. Any time you enter a hotel room, take a look along the seams of the mattress and edges of the headboard to look for an infestation. Classic signs: bed bug feces, which appear as small black splatters; eggs, which look like miniature grains of rice; and actual bed bugs, which are about the size of a lentil and dark reddish brown, with a flat body if they haven’t fed or a bloated one if they have. If you see signs of the insects, leave that room immediately.
When departing from a hotel (whether you’ve spotted bed bugs or not), check your baggage and clothing. Miller suggests using a sticky lint roller. “Just roll that over yourself,” she says. If you don’t see any bed bugs or eggs, “then there is nothing there.”
Once you are home, wash all of the clothes that can withstand it on high heat and dry them on high for about 20 minutes. For more delicate clothes, try a steamer. And for other fabrics, simply inspect them carefully. Luggage can also be steamed or placed in special heat boxes that are available for the sole purpose of killing errant bed bugs.
And don’t pay attention to the hype. “Realize that bed bugs are an issue that we’re going to be living with for quite some time,” Miller says. “When they end up in the media, it’s because people start paying attention to them again.”
ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)
Brooke Borel is articles editor at Undark magazine and author of Infested: How the Bed Bug Infiltrated Our Bedrooms and Took Over the World . Credit: Nick Higgins
Recent Articles by Brooke Borel
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France's bed bug infestation brings back vivid memories, triggers phantom itching
News of a spreading bed bug infestation throughout Paris in recent days has triggered phantom itches and vivid memories of my own French bed bug encounter back in 2011.
Exhausted from a long day of travelling, we checked into our hotel late at night, slumped onto the bed and fell straight to sleep.
Panic ensued when we woke just a few hours later, itching and realising too late that the room was riddled with bed bugs.
We slept the remainder of the night in the bath lined with newspaper and as dawn broke made our way downstairs to tell the receptionist in a mix of broken French and charades.
"De marché, de marché!" I exclaimed, walking fingers up and down my arm. "They crawl, they bite … THERE ARE BED BUGS IN THAT ROOM."
He was the least bit sympathetic, offering no advice or compensation as we checked out.
On a mission to buy bug spray from a department store nearby, with little French under our belts, we accidentally bought fly spray and applied it topically (do not recommend).
Rapidly reproducing tiny pests
Over the weeks to come, we hopped from hotel to hotel, disposed of the majority of our belongings, and washed our clothes daily in an attempt to get on top of the rapidly reproducing bugs.
Without a smartphone at our disposal, we relied on information from relatives at home and online searches at internet cafes to guide us.
The biggest takeaways that I still practise to this day while travelling are placing any luggage in the bath while thoroughly checking the room, including searching the seams of the mattress and any blankets for blood spots or visible bugs.
Bed bugs live in crevices around beds and furniture and can travel on your clothes or luggage. Current reports from France include infestations on trains, in airports and theatres, too.
Amid crisis talks, the French Health Minister Aurélien Rousseau has been stated on local radio that there's no need for panic as they "haven't been invaded by bed bugs".
Did we bring them back home with us?!
Despite now seeing some humour in my experience, having bed bugs is incredibly unpleasant and they can be very hard to get rid of.
I imagine there are many people like me who have experienced this and feel a visceral sense of dread seeing the mere words bed bug, let alone pictures or details of mass outbreaks.
It's important to remember they are not a sign of bad hygiene and do not carry diseases, although bites can become infected.
The risk that was always in our minds was bringing the dreaded bed bugs home, which I am thrilled to report we did not.
Some bed bug tips
If you happen to get bed bugs in your travels, be sure to wash any contaminated clothing or bedding at 60 degrees.
I dare say having a better grasp of the local language would also have made this much easier to navigate, so I'd recommend any fellow travellers put in the extra time to learn a few basic phrases before jetting off!
Before our travels, the centuries-old rhyme "sleep tight, don't let the bed bugs bite" was the extent of my understanding of the tiny pests, however, as the current outbreak demonstrates, they remain an ever-present travel risk.
Daisy Baker is a freelance journalist and podcaster living in Bridport, Tasmania. Her podcast The Mindful Isle features stories of sustainable living in Tasmania.
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Why are stink bugs in my house? How to keep the pest out of your home this time of year
If you have seen a few stinky critters around your home lately, you're not alone.
The fall season is in full swing, which means brown marmorated stink bugs have begun invading homes in search of shelter from cooler temperatures. The invasive species can be identified by its brown and gray shield-like body and lighter underbelly.
Early sightings of the bug were found in Allentown, Pennsylvania, in 1993, but it has since spread to 47 states around the country, including Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky.
If you're seeing stink bugs inside, don't panic. There are simple and effective ways to rid your home of the pests.
Here's everything you need to know about stink bugs this fall.
Why are stink bugs in my house?
The answer is quite simple. Brown marmorated stink bugs often seek shelter inside houses and other buildings during the fall to escape extreme cold. But contrary to popular belief, stink bugs are not seeking heat.
According to Joe Boggs, an entomologist and assistant professor with Ohio State University's Extension, stink bugs seek shelter in locations with moderate, cool temperatures. This helps slow their metabolism during the winter so they don't exhaust their stored fat reserves, which helps keep them alive throughout the season when there is nothing to eat.
This is why you'll likely find stink bugs in attics, exterior wall voids and spaces around door jams and window frames, where they have the greatest chance of survival. Unfortunately, most stink bugs do not stay put and will accidentally find their way indoors, where they burn their fat reserves due to high temperatures and starve to death. That's if a human doesn't get rid of them first.
Are there more stink bugs in Ohio this year?
Cleveland.com reports stink bugs first appeared in Ohio around 2008 or 2009 near Columbus. Populations have since risen due to the area's lack of natural predators.
While stink bugs have become an annual presence in the state now, Boggs said it's hard to predict whether or not home invasions will be high or low in any given year.
"I don't know that populations are any higher this year than last year. However, what will drive them into our homes will all depend on the weather that we experience over these next couple of weeks," Boggs explained.
He said if you see more stink bugs inside, it's likely due to the changing temperatures, not a general increase in the insect population.
"Stink bugs are not going to be at the high level that they were originally years ago in the eastern part of the United States," Boggs said. "Sometimes we can have outbreaks, but we're getting a lot of help from nature to keep the numbers down and then couple that with addressing entry points into a home .... people can rest easier at night."
Are stink bugs harmful?
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, while large infestations can be a nuisance, they do not bite people or animals, nor do they damage buildings.
Stink bugs, however, can pose a significant threat to fruits, vegetables and other crops, such as apples, corn, peppers, tomatoes and soybeans .
How to keep stink bugs out of your house
The EPA suggests these tips on keeping stink bugs out of your home:
- Caulk windows inside and out.
- Weatherstrip entry doors and/or install door sweeps if daylight is visible around the door's perimeter.
- Rake away debris and edible vegetation from your home's foundation.
- Seal foundation cracks.
- Secure crawlspace entries.
- When insulating exposed plumbing pipes around the foundation or the crawlspace of your home, caulk small gaps and fill larger ones with steel wool.
- If your home has a fireplace, cap or screen the top of the chimney to keep out pests.
- Contact a pest control professional to treat surrounding vegetation near your home's foundation.
How do I get rid of stink bugs?
When disturbed or squashed, stink bugs release an unpleasant odor from scent glands on their abdomen, the EPA said.
Because of the odor, getting rid of them takes some care. Here are some options:
- Capture and release: Stink bugs are attracted to light. Lure them into a jar or bottle, then dispose of them by throwing them outside or by placing them in a sealed container in the trash.
- Use a pesticide, but outdoors only. Using pesticides indoors isn't recommended because it won't prevent more bugs from coming in.
- Use a vacuum to remove live and dead stink bugs from interior areas with the aid of a vacuum cleaner. The downside: Your vacuum might smell bad, so empty as soon as possible. To prevent a smelly appliance, Boggs suggests modifying your vacuum by attaching a nylon sock to the hose to trap the insect, preventing the bug from getting trapped in the vacuum's impellers.
- Drown them in a bucket or pan partly filled with soapy water. The EPA suggests a metal pan and a light source to attract them.
A version of this story was published in 2021 and 2022.
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HOW PHANTOM INSECTICIDE & TERMITICIDE WORKS
Phantom Termiticide/Insecticide is a non-repellent liquid concentrate that is diluted with water and usually applied with a pump sprayer. Phantom contains the active ingredient Chlorfenapyr, which belongs to a relatively new class of insecticides called pyrroles that are produced from microbes. Pyrroles do not metabolize into active insecticides until after they enter the host target pest. Chlorfenapyr disrupts the production of ATP in the part of the cell that turns food into energy, causing cellular death and ultimate mortality. Because this process is slower than other modes of action, Phantom can have a transfer effect similar to that of baits on social insects like ants, cockroaches, and termites.
Insects do not smell, taste, or avoid applications of Phantom. This means that Phantom can be used in conjunction with baits (do not spray on top of baits). Phantom also eliminates pest build up in one area, preventing pest avoidance of treated areas. The residual of Phantom will last for 30 days or longer. Phantom also has a high potency, so fewer applications are needed for effective treatments.
PHANTOM TARGET INSECTS
Ants, termites, bed bugs, centipedes, beetles
INSECTS CONTROLLED: termites ( Reticulitermes spp. ( R. flavipes, R. virginicus, R. hageni, R. tibialis, R. Hesperus), Coptotermes spp. (C. formosanus), and Heterotermes spp. (H. aureus) ; ants (acrobat, Argentine, carpenter, odorous house, pavement, pharaoh’s, pyramid); beetles (Asian lady, confused flour, darkling larva (yellow mealworm), saw-toothed grain); bed bugs; boxelder bugs; centipedes, cockroaches (American, Asian, brown-banded, German, Oriental, and smoky brown); European earwigs; house crickets; house flies; paper wasps (not a knockdown agent); pillbugs; spiders (black widow, cellar); silverfish
Phantom is a Termiticide and insecticide labeled for indoor (follow the label carefully) as well as outdoor use. It combines non-repellency, superior control, long-lasting effects, and the ability to control populations faster than baiting systems—all in a low-dose, virtually odorless formulation. Phantom can be used as a soil drench, wall foam or as a general use spray as desired.
Phantom is a popular choice for ants and cockroaches because it can be used in conjunction with baiting. Phantom is also ideal for bed bug control because it is non-repellent and effective for pyrethroid resistant strains of bed bugs. Because of its long residual and efficacy with these and other common household pests, Phantom is an excellent choice for apartments, hotels, or similar commercial properties.
- Phantom also comes in a convenient aerosol formulation for smaller jobs or crack and crevice treatments.
Though Phantom is labeled for use as a soil drench for subterranean termites, products such as Termidor SC are more cost effective and last longer in the ground.
ACTIVE INGREDIENT: Chlorfenapyr 21.45%
For termite treatments, use 4 gallons of 0.125% solution per 10 lineal feet of a 6 in. by 6 in. trench, establishing a continuous treated zone between the wood and other cellulose material in the structure and the termite population(s) in the soil. For pre-construction treatment to be covered by concrete slab, use 1 gallon of 0.25% finished solution per 10 square feet. Apply using a coarse spray nozzle and low-pressure spray (less than 25 psi). See our article How to Do a Termite Treatment for more details on liquid termite treatments.
Phantom may be converted to a foam for treatments in structural voids. Foam applications to voids above soil should be done with a wet foam (10:1 expansion ratio or less). See mixing table on the product label for dilution rates.
For general pest control indoors, applications should be made to breeding areas, nesting sites, hiding places, runways, and other places where pests are found or likely to infest. For use with only low-pressure directed spray application equipment. Use a 0.5% solution for crack and crevice or spot applications. Do not apply more than once every four weeks.
Always read the product label completely before use.
- One 21 oz. bottle makes 28 gallons of 0.125% solution for termites or 7 gallons of general use spray for cockroaches and ants.
- A 75 oz. bottle makes 100 gallons of finished solution for termites or 25 gallons of general use spray.
STANDARD APPLICATION DILUTION RATES / MIXING RATIOS:
- 75 fl. oz. (22 mL)/gal. of water – 0.125% - most termite applications
- 5 fl. oz. (44 mL)/gal. of water – 0.25% - small volume termite applications
- 0 fl. oz. (88 mL)/gal. of water – 0.5% - general pest applications
- Use 4 gallons of 0.125% solution per 10 lineal feet for perimeter termite treatments
- One gallon of 0.5% solution for general pest applications covers approximately 1,000 square feet
PHANTOM IS FOR USE IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS:
Pre-construction and post-construction termite treatments in and around residential, commercial, and industrial buildings; inside houses, apartments or other residential structures, meat, poultry and egg processing and packaging plants, the food/feed and non-food/feed areas of food-handling establishments and commercial, institutional and warehousing establishments; food service, manufacturing and processing establishments such as restaurants, cafeterias, supermarkets, mills, processing plants, bakeries, breweries, dairies, meat slaughtering and packing plants and canneries; schools, groceries and supermarkets, restaurants and cafeterias, hotels and motels, hospitals and nursing homes, warehouses and industrial buildings, laboratories, zoos, pet shops, computer facilities, sewers
Cockroaches: Phantom is effective against American, Asian, brown-banded, German, Oriental, smoky brown, and other cockroach species. Use a 0.5% dilution. Apply dilution as a coarse, low pressure spot or crack and crevice spray to areas where these pests normally inhabit or are likely to infest.
Limited spot treatment of Phantom dilution can be made to surfaces beneath cabinets, spaces between equipment or expansion joints, surfaces behind sinks, lockers, water pipes, cabinets, or other areas where cockroaches may hide. Reapply, if needed, every 4 weeks or more.
Ants: Phantom is highly effective against household and structure-invading ants, including the following species: acrobat ants, Argentine Ants, Carpenter Ants, odorous house ants, pavement ants, Pharaoh's ants, pyramid ants, and other species.
Apply crack and crevice or spot treatments of a 0.5% dilution to areas of known or suspected ant activity. Where possible, apply Phantom directly to ant nest(s) or nesting site(s) or ant-infested wood or structural voids. Reapply, if needed, every 4 weeks or more.
Bed bugs: Do not make surface applications to mattresses. Mattress treatments must be confined to the seams, folds and edges only. Remove linens and wash before reuse. Allow to dry before remaking bed. Use an approved product for other treatment areas. Not recommended as the sole protection against bed bugs.
Exterior application of Phantom is limited to spot and crack and crevice treatments where pests enter around doors, windows, eaves, attic vents, and holes in exterior walls where utilities enter. Apply a maximum of 1.2 fl. oz. of dilution per 2 square feet.
- Convenient tip-and-pour bottle makes measuring and mixing easy.
- Pests do not detect Phantom applications so they unknowingly contact and ingest Phantom during routine activities.
- Precision targeted application method means less product goes farther.
- Effective against a wide variety of household ants and cockroaches.
- Labeled for use in food-handling environments.
- Effective for pyrethroid resistant strains of bed bugs.
- Excellent choice to accompany baiting programs.
EXTRA TIPS FOR USING PHANTOM
- Store out of extreme temperatures and direct sunlight.
- Do not treat within a distance of one foot out from the drip line of edible plants.
- Do not make general surface or space applications such as for pantry pests in cupboards, cabinets, or containers.
- Do not reapply more than once every four weeks.
- Diluting more than recommended rates may cause product to become repellent and ineffective.
- Do not apply as a broadcast spray indoors or full perimeter application outdoors.
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Features and specifications, how phantom termiticide insecticide works.
Phantom Termiticide Insecticide contains chlorfenapyr, an active ingredient that doesn't start working until after it enters the pest. Once it's ingested, it stops the pest's cells from turning food into energy, which triggers cellular death until the pest dies. Phantom has an odorless, tasteless formula that pests cannot detect; therefore, it works well in combination with baits to help eliminate infestations in one area.
Target Pests and Areas for Use
Use Phantom Termiticide Insecticide indoors or outdoors to kill invasive pest insects in residential and commercial properties. Some target pests include:
- American and German cockroaches
- Carpenter ants and other ant species
- European earwigs
- House flies
- Various beetles such as saw-toothed grain and yellow mealworm
Use Phantom for spot and crevice treatment in areas where pests enter and exit. You can also use Phantom for pre- and post-construction applications in and around residential and commercial buildings. Other target areas include:
- Attic vents
- Behind sinks
- Boiler rooms
Stop Pest Infestations With Phantom Termiticide Insecticide
To prevent or to treat a pest infestation effectively, use Phantom termiticide and insecticide. It has an odorless, colorless formula that doesn't produce foul smells or leave film on surfaces. Phantom mixes easily with water and targets a variety of pest insects both indoors and outdoors.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Do not apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application. For any requirements specific to your State or Tribe, consult the agency responsible for pesticide regulations.
For additional information on this product please reference the CDMS label database listed below
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
How is this product applied for treating spiders? Is it approved for use in California?
We do not sell this product in California
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Product questions and answers
- 0 votes Q Can Phantom Insecticide be used in food handling areas? answer now Asked on August 9, 2023 4:34 PM A Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide can be used in food handling areas. Read the full label for how to apply for your situation.
Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is labeled to kill yellow mealworms.
Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is a non-repellent, meaning the insects do not detect it, therefore they don't try to avoid it and go right through the treated areas making it highly effective.
Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is labeled to kill bark scorpions.
- 0 votes Q Will Phantom work against pavement ants? answer now Asked on August 9, 2023 4:22 PM A Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide will control and kill those problem Pavement Ants.
Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is labeled to kill German, American, Asian, Oriental, Brown-Banded, and Smokey Brown cockroaches.
Yes, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is labeled for and will do a great job at killing black widow spiders, indoors and outdoors.
Yes, trenching applications is one of the many applications Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is labeled for.
No, Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide is not a quick knock down for pests. What makes Phantom Termiticide so good is that insects will carry it back to the nest, killing the entire colony, not just what you see.
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Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide has some of the most advanced termite pest control technology! Phantom has consistently proven to provide superior long lasting termite control under almost any condition. Termites aren’t the only pest that Phantom controls: bed bugs, ants, cockroaches and spiders are just a few bugs that are on the label! Phantom is definitely a pesticide that you don’t want to be without!
- Keeps termites from coming back
- Cost effective
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- Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide - Product Label
- Phantom Termiticide-Insecticide - Product SDS
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Description, additional information, manufacturer, active ingredient, target pests.
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Product Alternative: Termidor SC
Active ingredient: chlorfenapyr – 21.45%, epa registration no.: 241-392, product information:.
In order to maximize the termite potency of Phantom termiticide-insecticide it should be applied in a manner to provide a continuous treated zone to prevent termites from attacking the wood to be protected.
The objective of soil treatments with Phantom is to establish a treated zone (horizontal and/or vertical as needed) between the wood and other cellulose material in the structure and the termite population(s) in the soil for the purpose of protecting the structure from termite infestation and/or for controlling existing termite populations. Treatment standards for subterranean termite control may vary due to state/local regulations, treatment procedures, soil types, construction practices and other factors. Follow all federal, state, and local regulations and treatment standards for protection of a structure from subterranean termites. Observe industry good management practices.
Where aerial infestations or above-ground nests are detected within the structure, supplemental treatments to control termites in the structure (see Above Ground Termite Infestations section of this label), and/or structural repairs to deprive the termites of a moisture source may be needed.
For mixing small volumes of finished dilution:.
For termite control operations requiring smaller volumes, use 1 .5 fl ozs of Phantom per gallon of water to achieve a 0 .25% concentration; use 0 .75 fl oz of Phantom per gallon of water to achieve a 0 .125% concentration. Mix the termiticide use dilution in the following manner:
1. Fill hand-pressurized or power-operated application equipment with 1/2 to 3/4 of the required amount of water. Filling hose must be equipped with an anti-backflow device or water flow must include an air gap to protect against back siphoning.
2. Measure the required amount of Phantom.
3. Add Phantom to the sprayer and fill with the remainder of the water.
4. Close sprayer and agitate to insure proper suspension.
5. Re-agitate sprayer before use if spraying is interrupted.
For Mixing Large Volumes of Finished Dilution:
For dilution quantities greater than one gallon, the amount of Phantom to add may be determined by multiplying the quantity of Phantom specified for a particular dilution rate for a one-gallon dilution by the total dilution size. For example to make a 50-gallon dilution of a 0 .125% dilution, multiply 50 x 0 .75 fl oz = 37 .5 fl ozs . Then mix 37 .5 fl ozs of Phantom to enough water to make a total 50 gallon dilution . For termite control operations requiring 100 gallons of finished dilution, prepare a 0 .25% dilution by mixing 1 .2 gallons of Phantom with 98 .8 gallons of water; or prepare a 0 .125% dilution by mixing 75 fluid ounces (fl ozs) of Phantom with 99 .4 gallons of water. Mix the termiticide use dilution in the following manner:
1. Fill the tank with water until it is 1/4 to 1/3 full. Filling hose must be equipped with an anti-backflow device or water flow must include an air gap to protect against back siphoning.
2. Start pump to begin by-pass agitation and place end of treating tool in tank to allow circulation through hose.
3. Add the appropriate amount of Phantom (see Dilution Table above).
4. Add remaining amount of water to the tank
5. Let pump run and allow recirculation through the hose for 2 or 3 minutes.
To provide maximum control of and protection against termite infestations, apply the specified volume of Phantom dilution and active ingredient as set forth in the directions for use. If soil will not accept the labeled application volume, the volume may be reduced provided there is a corresponding increase in concentration so that the amount of active ingredient applied to the soil remains the same. Note: Large reductions of application volume reduce the ability to obtain a continuous treated zone. Variance is allowed when volume and concentration are consistent with label directed rates and a continuous treated zone can still be achieved. At reduced application volume; it may be necessary for the applicator to space rod and/or drill holes closer than 12 inches apart to create a continuous treated zone. DO NOT treat soil that is water saturated or frozen or in any conditions where run-off or movement from the treatment area (site) is likely to occur. DO NOT make outdoor treatments while precipitation is occurring that could result in run-off from the treated area.
Chlorfenapyr – 21.45%
Acrobat Ants, Carpenter Ants, Odorous House Ants, Pavement Ants, Pharaoh Ants, Pyramid Ants, Ants, Beetles, Asian Lady Beetles, Confused Flour Beetles, Darkling Larva Beetles, Yellow Mealworms, Saw-Toothed Beetles, Scorpions, Bark Scorpions, Bed Bugs, Centipedes, Cockroaches, American Cockroaches, Asian Cockroaches, Brown-Banded Cockroaches, German Cockroaches, Oriental Cockroaches, Smokey Brown Cockroaches, Earwigs, European Earwigs, House Crickets, House Flies, Paper Wasps, Pillbugs, Spiders, Black Widow Spiders, Cellar Spiders, Silverfish, Termites
Commercial and Residential
Residential Indoors is crack and crevice only, Residential Outdoors is perimeter only.
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This Professional product undetectable to termites and other pests causing them freely forage through treated areas.
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Phantom Termiticide Insecticide - 21 - 75 Oz is non-repellent liquid labeled for indoor general pest control including commercial food handling areas.
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Active Ingredient : chlorfenapyr -- 21.45%
Rate : 0.75 - 1.5 oz. per gallon of water (75 - 150 oz. per 100 gallon of water)
Can makes up to 28 gallons of 1.25% solution for termites with one bottle (21 oz) or makes 7 gallons of general use spray for cockroaches and ants with one bottle (21 oz)
The secret behind the success of Phantom termiticide-insecticide lies in it's cutting edge chemistry. It's active ingredient, chlorfenapyr, is totally undetectable. Pests can't smell it, taste it, or, most importantly, avoid it. As a result, they unknowingly contact and ingest it as they go about their routine activities.
Once ingested, Phantom attacks pests from inside their own bodies by preventing their cells from generating energy. This leads to paralysis, and, ultimately, death.
However, this process is not instantaneous, which means Phantom will not cause an accumulation of dead pests in a particular spot. Instead, they continue to behave normally and go about their regular routines for a short time before dying. There is nothing about their behavior to tip off others to Phantom's presence.
Other products are far less stealthy, and, as a result, far less successful.
Phantom is effective on ants and roaches, the two biggest nuisance pests. But the new expanded label also covers bed bugs, beetles, centipedes, flies, scorpions, and wasps. With Phantom at your side, you're ready for practically any general pest challenge you encounter. With bed bugs making a big comeback, in housing and in the media, you can now treat them with Phantom—the only nonrepellent labeled for control of bed bugs. This is an especially significant since some research is indicating pyrethroid resistance in bed bugs.
And, the newly expanded label for Phantom means it can be used to control many nuisance pests, stored product pests and occasional invaders.
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PT Phantom II Aerosol
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PT Phantom II Aerosol, manufactured by BASF, is a very popular insecticide aerosol spray that’s used for cracks and crevice or spot treatments and long-term control against pests. Phantom Aerosol comes with a straw applicator tip which makes crack and crevice spraying easy.
Unlike other aerosol insecticides, PT Phantom II Aerosol is not a neurotoxin. It contains the active ingredient of Chlorfenapyr, a pyrrole, which affects the cells of insects and hinders the ability of their cells to absorb energy. This eventually causes paralysis and leads to their death. This different mode of action makes Phantom II a great option for insecticide rotation to minimize the chance of targeted insects from developing a resistance to residual insecticides.
PT Phantom is a non-repellant meaning that target insects will not be deterred from traveling over the insecticide. In fact, target insects like bed bugs, ants and roaches won’t even know they’re crossing over a lethal poison designed to destroy them.
PT Phantom II Aerosol comes ready to use straight out of the box with no tools needed for its application. It even comes with an applicator tip for crack and crevice spraying.
- Step 1: Shake the PT Phantom Aerosol ll well before use. If you are planning to use this product as a crack and crevice treatment then attach the applicator tip which comes with the product.
- Step 2: Inject the injector tip into cracks and crevices or void spaces where you have seen insect activity or where they may be hiding. Place spray tip into cracks, crevices, holes, and other small points of entry. Release approximately 1 second of product. Move injector tip along cracks while treating at a rate of 1-3 feet per second, depending on the level of infestation.
- Step 3: In closed voids, treat at the rate of 1-5 seconds per 3 cubic feet. For spot treatments, release product onto the surface. Do not go past 2 sq. ft. for each spot treatment.
Where to Use
PT Phantom II can be used as a crack and crevice spot treatment in and around apartments, food storage areas, homes, hospitals, meat packing and food processing plants, motels, nursing homes, restaurants and other food handling establishments, schools, supermarkets, warehouses and other commercial and industrial buildings.
When to Use
Use PT Phantom II Aerosol when you are encountering indoor pests like pantry pests, roaches and various other common pests in the home. Phantom can also be good to use when you have bed bugs around your sleeping areas or even for localized treatments of subterranean termites in galleries. Use Phantom II Aerosol when treatment areas are vacated and not in use at the time of application.
Phantom Aerosol is safe to use around pets and children when applied according to the product label instructions. Always wear the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) when applying this product.
Do not allow adults, children or pets to enter until vapors, mists and/or aerosols have dispersed and the treated area has been thoroughly ventilated.
Do not allow people or pets to contact treated surfaces until dry.
When applying the straw applicator to the nozzle, make sure to pull the nozzle off the aerosol can to be on the safe side so you don't get spray on yourself during the installation.
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Phantom Termiticide / Insecticide
Starting at $94.50
BUNDLE & SAVE 5%!
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Phantom is a great product. You might want to check out Spectre 2SC . It is less per oz and you can get it in a 15 oz bottle.
Phantom termiticide, phantom's "secondary kill" action.
Phantom has the ability to kill pests that have not come in contact with the treated area. This mode of action is called "secondary kill"; one insect exposes other insects to the insecticide. Exposure occurs by contact, grooming, and food exchange.
This secondary kill action is a primary contributor to both Phantom's incredible performance and its ability to control entire pest populations at low doses.
Phantom is not only a Termiticide that kills termites by ingestion and contact but also a powerful and effective insecticide for ants and cockroaches. Phantom combines nonrepellency, superior control, and long-lasting effects in a low-dose, virtually odorless formulation. Phantom can be used as a soil drench, wall foam, or general-use spray.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Public Health
Bed Bugs Aren’t Just a Problem in Paris. Here’s Why
T he news reports are alarming to say the least. Paris, the city known for its style, cuisine, and amour , has a bed bug problem. Video of the insects crawling over Metro seats, in hotels, and swarming buses and movie theaters swept the internet, and bed bug anxiety reached a new high.
But what’s behind the Parisian invasion? How did bed bugs launch such a widespread infestation of the city? With Paris hosting the first Olympics in the post-COVID-19 era next summer, those questions aren’t just matters for idle conversation.
The reality is that the infestation didn’t happen overnight. It’s likely that Paris, as well as other cities and even less-densely populated areas around the world, harbor a consistent, and persistent bed bug problem. And with the boom in travel since the pandemic, people in Paris are noticing them.
A number of factors keep bed bugs surviving and thriving, say entomologists, many of which are directly related to human behavior. Part of the problem may be the way we manage the pests. Unlike mosquitos and ticks, which government groups address with wide-scale, community-wide spraying and eradication efforts, bed bugs are seen more as an individual, rather than a societal, problem. And not everyone has the time or money to take the proper steps to get rid of them, so the insects continue feeding, breeding, and spreading to find new hosts.
Contrary to anecdotal reports, bed bugs aren’t the result of poor hygiene and aren’t limited to lower income communities. It’s just that less advantaged people don’t have the resources to eradicate them. “I’ve dealt with reports from five star hotels, first class airline seats, and high end apartments,” says Zachary DeVries, assistant professor of entomology at the University of Kentucky. “Anybody can get bed bugs, but only those with resources can get rid of them.”
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That’s why, particularly in densely populated cities like Paris, there may be reservoirs of bed bug populations in more disadvantaged communities, which then spread as the insects hitch rides on public transportation, into restaurants, movie theaters, retail stores—essentially anywhere people go.
But there are other reasons why the bugs are so difficult to eradicate.
Humans and bed bugs—a long, and close, history
Bed bugs are unique in that they depend almost exclusively on humans to survive. They only need blood—while they feed on livestock and chicken blood they preferentially suck on people—to keep them going. If they have a human host, they don’t even need water. And they established this parasitic relationship centuries ago . Cave drawings depict bed bugs, while wood prints captured their flat, tiny bodies and when cameras were developed, the first pictures of them emerged in the 1800s.
Culturally, bed bugs have also shaped human history. Some historians suggest that the annual practice of spring cleaning may have begun as an attempt to flush out bed bugs, which tend to be less active during the colder winter months, before they were reinvigorated in the spring and summer.
“They are reclusive and extremely shy,” says Gail Ridge, an associate scientist at The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, a state and federally funded research facility. “They are dependent on human beings to live, so they live a conflicted life of terror, since we are the prime predator on the planet. So they can only survive by having a series of mechanisms to elude our efforts to kill them.”
One of them may be a remarkable ability to inbreed. For most living things, finding new, and distantly related, mates is key to passing on genes and keeping their kind going. Inbreeding is normally a species-killer, since mating with genetically related members can introduce dangerous, and potentially lethal, mutations. But bed bugs aren’t saddled with such limitations; in fact, a single female carrying eggs can seed a new colony of bugs in a location as the future generations breed among themselves. “We have seen brother-sister matings for 20 to 30 generations and nothing happens,” says DeVries. “The later generations are just as happy and healthy as the first.”
How pesticides solved the bed bug problem—before making it worse
The most aggressive human efforts to eradicate the bugs involve pesticides such as DDT and organophosphates . They were so effective that from the 1950s to the 2000s, these chemicals largely eliminated bed bugs from the developed world. But bans on them after their toxic effects on human health were discovered gave the bugs a break, along with broader international trade rules that opened the exchange of goods across the world. “Bed bugs became a problem after we went through the ban on organophosphates indoors,” says Jody Gangloff-Kaufmann, an entomologist at the New York State Integrated Pest Management program at Cornell University. The bugs came back in the early 2000s, spread primarily along trade routes from developing nations to industrialized countries, and flourished in a new world with less aggressive chemical attacks. In 2010, cities like New York experienced massive bed bug infestations, with alarming sightings closing retail stores in Soho and South Street Seaport. Even workplaces weren’t immune, as the insects infiltrated Time Warner’s headquarters near Central Park as well.
Worse, the new generations of bugs were highly resistant to any chemicals used to treat them. “The bugs we have today are not the same as their grandparents,” says Dini Miller, professor of entomology and urban pest management specialist at Virginia Tech. “We have thick-skinned, hard-drinking, mutant bed bugs.”
Exposure to the pesticides has pushed the bugs to develop harder exoskeletons, which prevents the chemicals from penetrating into their bodies for two reasons. One,, “bed bugs walk on hooked claws and lift their bodies off the ground,” says Nina Jenkins, an affiliate professor of entomology at Penn State University. “So the amount of bed bug that contacts a surface when they are walking is a very small proportion of their body—so if they walk over a toxin-treated surface, they don’t absorb enough to kill them.”
And even if the bugs do absorb some of the chemicals, they have developed enzymes that can break apart toxins and neutralize them. “We may knock them down and they look dead, but four hours later, they get up and shake it off because the enzymes in their bodies are breaking down the insecticide and they can recover,” says Miller. “We have basically killed off all the bugs that are susceptible to insecticides, and selected for the resistant ones. We’ve done it to ourselves.”
Not only have people introduced pesticides that have generated new super breeds of resistant bugs, but humans have also removed one of the bed bug’s primary predators: cockroaches. “Cockroaches, like bed bugs, can get into cracks and crevices and they hunt bed bug eggs,” says Ridge. “But now that cockroaches are being knocked out in many cities, bed bugs have no predator.”
Read more : Why Bed Bugs Are Becoming So Much Harder to Kill
They never went away
These resistant bugs are getting hardier and hardier. Cross breeding with different populations makes them even more fertile, says Ridge. She has crossed two different lab populations of bed bugs and found that the fecundity of the females doubled. “I can only assume that’s happening in the wild as well,” she says, especially since bugs from different parts of the world are likely mixing and matching thanks to widespread human travel.
And thanks to the fact that simply spraying with a can of insecticide doesn’t get rid of them, these bugs are finding hospitable habitats in certain populations. “One of the things I’m seeing is a huge increase in the demographic of elderly disabled living with thousands upon thousands [of bed bugs] in their home,” says Miller. “These are individuals with 17 other problems, including physical, mental ,and financial [problems], and bed bugs are just one of them. Those are the sources that we are now seeing.”
Because the bugs aren’t being eliminated from these populations, they may continue to hitch rides to other locations where they find new hosts. “Bed bugs settle in with people who can’t deal with them effectively,” she says. So despite media reports about infestations in hotels, they are rarely the source of widespread problems, since hotels can afford effective, and often expensive, pest control measures. Individual home owners, and owners of apartment buildings, halfway houses, and nursing homes, however, often cannot.
The best ways to get rid of bed bugs
There is no single approach that effectively controls bed bugs. It takes a series of painstaking steps , performed correctly—usually with professional training—to truly get an infestation under control. “There is very little the homeowner can do to get rid of the problem,” says DeVries. Sprays that claim to eliminate bed bugs won’t truly get the job done since the bugs are resistant to most of them, and, if they are effective, they only push the bugs from one place to another. And online advice about using heat or steam by directing hair dryers or steam irons at mattresses is wrong—doing so also just drives the bugs from one place to another. Even some professional pest control services that perform heat or steam methods aren’t all effective, since they may not achieve high enough temperatures—bed bugs only die at around 125°F—or may not run the devices long enough. “I’ve heard of multi-family apartment complexes where they start at the top and work their way down, and by the time they get to the first floor, there are already reports of problems back on the top floor,” says DeVries.
As contrary as it seems, one of the most effective strategies is to not disturb the bugs as much as possible. Bed bugs don’t like to stray far from their blood meal, which means they remain in areas where people sleep and sit—hidden in cracks and crevices in mattresses and sofas. “They won’t be in the bathroom where they have to walk half a mile to feed,” says DeVries. “If you don’t disturb them, you can keep the problem concentrated to a sofa, chair or bed.” After determining where the bed bugs are, vacuuming them is the first step. Miller recommends attaching a long stocking to the outside of the vacuum hose to ensure no bugs can escape, and once the vacuuming is done, tying off the stocking and either soaking it in water to drown the bugs or disposing of them in a sealed container.
If bed bugs are crawling on clothing, putting the clothes in a hot dryer will desiccate them. Sealing the clothes once they come out of the dryer in a tight plastic bag and leaving them undisturbed for a few weeks ensures that no eggs and new generations of bugs remain.
Read more: Bed Bugs Are Most Drawn to This Color
There are also newer insecticides that don’t rely on the harmful chemicals of the past. One increasingly popular one that Miller and her team are testing is Aprehend, a fungus-based treatment that can only be applied by licensed pest control specialists. The treatment is a spore in a liquid form that is sprayed on affected areas; the contact with the fungus gives the bugs a dermal infection that kills them. The reason it’s so effective, says Jenkins, who co-developed the product at Penn State and founded a company to commercialize it, is that it’s designed to remain active for up to three months. Millions of fungal spores are spread in a thin band around the areas where bed bugs travel, and just a few steps on the treated area will bind those spores to their claws. They then bring those spores back to their nests, which may be in hidden areas no human treatment could ever reach, and spread them to other bugs, and ultimately any exposed bug dies of the fungal infection. “To be completely honest, it shocked us how successful this product has been,” says Jenkins.
Sealing infested articles or clothing can also dry them out, but bed bugs can live for months without feeding, so starving them out could take a while and it’s not always practical—nor is it guaranteed to work. Gangloff-Kaufmann had a colleague who put some bugs in a freezer for five years and once thawed, one survived.
Dust-based treatments such as silica dust can also be effective in killing bugs by suffocating them, but requires precise application since breathing in the dust can also be harmful to people, leading to cancer and lung disease.
“No one strategy is going to be effective but if you start stacking them up you could eventually catch everything,” says DeVries. “Vacuuming doesn’t get everything, but steaming could get the bugs that vacuuming misses. And if steaming doesn’t get them, then insecticides like Aprehend could. Then, setting up physical barriers could help too. We don’t know if one is working better than the other, but we know that if you incorporate them all, it could be an effective management plan.”
Even more important, entomologists agree, is recognizing that bed bugs aren’t just an individual’s problem. They should be treated as a societal problem with a societal solution. But that’s been challenging, since bed bugs don’t transmit diseases like mosquitos and ticks do. While they feed on human blood, they don’t pass on whatever they pick up, since they have a unique ability to fracture the DNA of pathogens they ingest so they are no longer capable of causing disease. “If you imagine the DNA of a virus like polio or HIV or influenza as a glass vase, once it is ingested by a bed bug, it shatters,” says Ridge. That makes controlling bed bugs a hard sell for government intervention, since they don’t technically cause public harm other than a general sense of anxiety and discomfort. Yet, says Gangloff-Kaufmann, “I like to call bed bugs a communicable insect.” DeVries agrees, noting that “everybody uses public transportation, everybody uses airlines, and everybody goes to the movies. Everybody ventures into society, and the bugs have constant opportunity to reinfest and reinvade everywhere. We let them persist. Ultimately unless they are dealt with on a broader, community-wide scale, the problem will not go away.”
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Phantom Insecticide | How To Use
Have you purchased the phantom insecticide and are not conversant with how to use it after reading the label instructions? Worry no more as this article is set to provide useful tips and information about this product.
The Phantom insecticide is a highly recommended pest control product that can help homeowners get rid of a wide variety of pests.
How Do I Describe the Phantom Insecticide?
A potent and non-repellent active ingredient is used in Phantom, which is a termiticide and insecticide that can be used both indoors and outdoors. Phantom kills termites, ants, cockroaches, and now bed bugs.
Pests are unable to detect their odor or taste, and most critically, they cannot steer clear of it. While a consequence of this, individuals come into unwitting touch with it and inadvertently consume it as they go about their daily routines.
Phantom has a residue that has a potential lifespan of up to 30 days but may be effective for much longer depending on the type of pest and severity of the infestation. Phantom is an excellent choice to take into consideration when looking for an insecticide that has a long residual effect.
Read also: Killzall Weed Killer
How Does the Phantom Termiticide Insecticide Work?
Phantom bug spray is commonly used to apply termiticide/insecticide because it’s non-repellent. A new class of insecticides called pyrroles, which are generated by bacteria, make up Phantom’s active ingredient, Chlorfenapyr.
As soon as pyrroles penetrate the target pest, they are metabolized into active pesticides. ATP synthesis in the portion of the cell responsible for converting food into energy is disrupted by chlorfenapyr, leading to cell death and eventual death.
As a result of its slower rate of action, Phantom can have a transfer effect comparable to baits on social insects such as ants, cockroaches, and termites, among others. Insects are unable to detect, taste, or avoid Phantom treatments.
Because of this, Phantom can be used in conjunction with baits and lures (do not spray on top of baits). As a bonus, since pests can’t hide in treated areas anymore, they won’t try to avoid them. 30 days or more is the maximum amount of time that Phantom’s effects will be felt.
How Do I Apply the Phantom Pesticide?
Do your calculations:.
To figure out how much Phantom you’ll need, first, determine the area to be treated in square feet. To find the square footage, take the length and width of the area to be analyzed and multiply them together.
With Phantom, you can dilute it at 0.125 percent (0.75%) or 0.25 percent (1.25%) in one gallon of water to cover 1,000 square feet for termite control in the same way you would dilute any other insecticide.
Phantom should be used in a 0.50 percent dilution (3 fl. oz.) in a gallon to cover 1,000 square feet of general pest management. Using a 5,000-square-foot area as an example, you’d need to combine 15 fl. oz. of pesticide with 5 gallons of water.
Read also: Taurus Ant Killer
Using your calculations, add the proper amount of Phantom to a sprayer tank partly full of water. Close the sprayer, add the rest of the water, and agitate until the mixture is thoroughly blended.
Apply the Mixture:
For crack and crevice applications, use a pin tip nozzle and a low-pressure focused spray to apply the Phantom mixture. Apply a band 10 feet wide and up to 3 feet high around the perimeter of a foundation for barrier treatment.
Bugs can hide in cracks and crevices, so use them throughout the building. For long-term control, reapply the medication every 28 days.
Where Do I Use the Phantom Bug Spray?
The Phantom bug spray can be used as a spot treatment for cracks and crevices in garages, residences, nursing homes, food handling companies, and many other places. In the home, pay special attention to cracks and crevices, cabinetry, and floorboards for mold and mildew.
When Do I Use the Phantom Insecticide?
As a professional solution proven to keep insects at bay, use Phantom when you’re dealing with an infestation. Summer and early fall are the most common periods of the year for pest infestations.
What are the Target Pests of the Phantom Pesticide?
- Acrobat Ants
- American Roaches
- Argentine Ants
- Asian Lady Beetles
- Asian Roaches
- Bark Scorpions
- Boxelder Bugs
- Brown-banded Roaches
- Carpenter Ants
- Confused Flour Beetles
- Darkling Larve Beetles
- European Earwigs
- German Roaches
- House Crickets
- House Flies
- Odorous House Ants
- Oriental Roaches
- Paper Wasps
- Pavement Ants
- Pharaoh’s Ants
- Pyramid Ants
- Saw-toothed Grain Beetles
- Smokey Brown Roaches
- and Yellow Mealworm Beetles.
How Do I Mix the Phantom Ant Killer?
- For termite control: For the purpose of controlling termites, Phantom can either be mixed in a gallon of water at a dilution concentration of 0.125 percent (0.75 fl oz) or 0.25 percent (1.25 fl oz) to cover 1,000 square feet. Both of these dilution concentrations are possible.
- For general pest control: In order to treat 1,000 square feet with Phantom, the product should be diluted at a rate of 0.50 percent (3 fluid ounces) per gallon.
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How Long Does It Take For the Phantom Insecticide To Act?
Phantom Insecticide begins to eliminate pests as soon as it is applied, but it is not an instant death product. When exposed to Phantom, it will take between ten minutes and one hour for a pest to expire from its condition.
What Is the Shelf Life of the Phantom Termiticide Insecticide?
The phantom termiticide insecticide has a shelf life of between three and five years if it is kept in the original container and kept in a cold, dry environment.
Additional Product Information?
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